EEGFuseNet: Hybrid Unsupervised Deep Feature Characterization and Fusion for High-Dimensional EEG with An Application to Emotion Recognition


How to effectively and efficiently extract valid and reliable features from high-dimensional electroencephalography (EEG), particularly how to fuse the spatial and temporal dynamic brain information into a better feature representation, is a critical issue in brain data analysis. Most current EEG studies are working on handcrafted features with a supervised modeling, which would be limited by experience and human feedbacks to a great extent. In this paper, we propose a practical hybrid unsupervised deep CNN-RNN-GAN based EEG feature characterization and fusion model, which is termed as EEGFuseNet. EEGFuseNet is trained in an unsupervised manner, and deep EEG features covering spatial and temporal dynamics are automatically characterized. Comparing to the handcrafted features, the deep EEG features could be considered to be more generic and independent of any specific EEG task. The performance of the extracted deep and low-dimensional features by EEGFuseNet is carefully evaluated in an unsupervised emotion recognition application based on a famous public emotion database. The results demonstrate the proposed EEGFuseNet is a robust and reliable model, which is easy to train and manage and perform efficiently in the representation and fusion of dynamic EEG features. In particular, EEGFuseNet is established as an optimal unsupervised fusion model with promising subject-based leave-one-out results in the recognition of four emotion dimensions (valence, arousal, dominance and liking), which demonstrates the possibility of realizing EEG based cross-subject emotion recognition in a pure unsupervised manner.

Gan Huang
Gan Huang

My research interests include Neural Modulation, Brain Computer Interface and Neural Prosthetics.